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Autistic child mood is out of control, how should do?


Because of the insurmountable obstacles in thinking, communication and interpersonal relationship, children with autism tend to lose control of their emotions, cry, jump and even attack others and self-harm when their demands cannot be met. These emotional behaviors not only seriously affect the daily rehabilitation training of autistic children, but also endanger the safety of their own lives and those of others.

So how can parents teach their children how to ease their emotions in daily family training?

Autistic child

Emotions out of control

1、Find out the cause of your child's mood by recording and analyzing it

There are many factors that can cause a person's mood to change, especially for children with autism. It is impossible to control children's emotions without finding out the specific causes of their bad moods. Parents can record the time and place of their children's every mood, and analyze whether it is caused by external environment, their own psychology or other reasons. Generally speaking, children with autism suffer from the following three emotional disorders:

1、To stand out and get attention

Language impairment is one of the main characteristics of children with autism. Due to the inability to communicate with others and actively express their inner world, children are likely to have a sense of inferiority, leading to personality defects, and then many problems. Emotional instability is the most serious manifestation. They want to get noticed and get noticed by crying and hitting.

2、Stereotypical behavior is broken

The behavior of autistic children is quite different from that of normal children, such as dropping bottle caps, folding paper, clapping hands, etc. Although they are boring, they are never bored with it. These strange and different stereotypical behaviors often provoke a strong reaction from the child if the trainee tries to prevent change.

3、Avoid rules

Children are usually free at home and allowed to do more, but when they are in public places such as schools and supermarkets and subjected to more behavioral restrictions, they will feel restless and lose their temper easily.

2、Teach children to describe their feelings in words

Children with autism do not know enough about emotions and cannot use appropriate words to describe their inner feelings. It is difficult for them to express their thoughts at that time. Parents can teach children some words related to emotion, and help children describe their inner discomfort with some appropriate words to express their feelings. For example, "Are you afraid of the dog out there?" or "Are you angry that you've been wronged?"

The better a child can master the words and phrases that express emotions, the easier it will be to deal with their own emotions. Parents can start with the four main emotions, emotions, emotions and emotions, and then teach children to subdivide emotions, such as jealousy, confusion and disappointment when they are angry, emptiness and depression when they are sad.

3、Transfer your emotions to behavioral outcomes

After knowing the reason for the change of the child's mood, parents needn't put too much energy on the recovery of the child's mood, but guide him to know the consequences caused by his bad mood, and then guide the child to the correct concept based on the right and wrong results. For example, "When you were angry that you had taken your doll away, you started crying and hitting him. Mom knows how you feel, but it's not right for you to hit someone. Obviously you want to hit you now, so you won't be friends in the future. Is that ok?"

Parents can set up an emotional norm for their children to understand appropriate emotional venting, but some serious, such as self-harm, beating, etc., should be timely corrected and guided.

4、Behavior modification

Behavior correction, based on the basic principles of behaviorism learning theory, has developed some behavior change techniques, many of which have a positive effect on dealing with the emotional behavior of autistic children.

1、Action to practice。

When the emotional behavior of children with autism occurs, parents can ask the child to immediately put his hands on his head, from head to shoulder, waist, and then to the legs (sitting, standing posture), each place to stay for 15-30 seconds. If the child has certain verbal skills or counting ability, parents can ask him to count to calculate the time, but also to a certain extent to distract his attention. Do this over and over again until you are emotionally stable.

2、Ignore and enhance practice

When a child has emotional problems such as pulling his hair, starting his head, banging his head against a wall, biting his hand, rolling on the ground, etc., he may become worse if a parent tries to coax him or tries to pick him up. Therefore, without affecting the children's own or other people life and property safety, parents can deliberately ignored, best not to look him in front of the children feel better, his temper will gradually stop attacks instead, when a normal mood appeared, to be enhanced in time, thus to enhance good behavior to reduce the occurrence of the behavior.

In addition, parents should also be in the child's good mood, full use of praise, encouragement and other methods to give intermittent reinforcement, in order to enhance the appearance of their good mood and maintain.